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Dab Rigs

Dab Rigs: An Introduction

A dab rig, also known as an oil rig or concentrate pipe, is a type of water pipe specifically designed for vaporizing concentrates or oils. Unlike traditional water pipes, which are used for smoking dry herbs, dab rigs use a nail, banger, or e-nail to heat the concentrate, which is then inhaled through the rig’s mouthpiece.

History of Dab Rigs

Dab rigs have been around for several decades, but they have only gained popularity in recent years. The first dab rig was created in the early 2000s by a glassblower named Sheldon Black. Black’s original design featured a glass nail, which was heated with a torch and used to vaporize concentrates. This design was later improved upon by the addition of a dome to capture the vapor, and the creation of the “banger,” a specialized type of nail that is heated with a torch.

Types of Dab Rigs

There are many different types of dab rigs available on the market today. The two most popular types are the traditional dab rig and the e-rig.

Traditional Dab Rigs

Traditional dab rigs, also known as torch-heated rigs, are the original type of dab rig. They are typically made from glass and feature a nail, banger, or e-nail that is heated with a torch. Traditional dab rigs offer the most control over the temperature of the nail, but they also require the use of a torch, which can be dangerous if not used properly.


E-rigs, also known as electronic dab rigs, are a newer type of dab rig that use a battery-powered or plugin heating element to vaporize concentrates. These rigs are typically more expensive than traditional dab rigs, but they offer the convenience of not having to use a torch. E-rigs also often come with temperature control settings, which can be helpful for achieving the perfect temperature for vaporization.

Components of a Dab Rig

Dab rigs consist of several different components, including the base, the downstem, the nail or banger, and the mouthpiece.


The base of a dab rig is the bottom section of the rig that holds the water. The base is typically made from glass, but can also be made from other materials such as ceramic or silicone.


The downstem is a tube that connects the base of the rig to the nail or banger. The downstem is typically made from glass, but can also be made from other materials such as titanium.

Nail or Banger

The nail or banger is the component of the rig that is heated to vaporize the concentrate. Nails are typically made from glass or titanium, while bangers are typically made from quartz.


The mouthpiece is the end of the rig where the vapor is inhaled. Mouthpieces can be made from a variety of materials, including glass, silicone, and metal.

Cleaning and Maintenance

Dab rigs require regular cleaning and maintenance to ensure they are functioning properly and to keep them looking new.


To clean a dab rig, it is recommended to disassemble it and use a pipe cleaner or q-tips dipped in isopropyl alcohol or specialized cleaning solution for glass to clean the different components. It is important to be gentle and not to use too much force, as the glass can be fragile. After cleaning, rinse the components with warm water and let them dry completely before reassembling the rig.


Regular maintenance of a dab rig includes replacing the nail or banger as needed, and checking the seal between the base and the downstem to ensure it is airtight. It is also important to keep the rig dry and away from extreme temperatures to prevent cracking or warping.


Dab rigs have become increasingly popular in recent years as a way to vaporize concentrates and oils. They come in different types, traditional and e-rig, and have several components that need to be cleaned and maintained regularly. With proper care and use, a dab rig can provide a smooth and enjoyable vaporizing experience.

Frequently Asked Questions about Dab Rigs

What is a dab rig?

A dab rig is a type of water pipe specifically designed for smoking concentrates, such as wax or oil.

What materials are dab rigs made of?

Dab rigs can be made of glass, ceramic, and quartz. Glass is the most common material, but ceramic and quartz offer a clean taste and are more durable.

How do you use a dab rig?

To use a dab rig, the concentrate is placed on the nail or banger, which is then heated using a torch. Once the nail or banger is hot enough, the concentrate is placed on it, causing it to vaporize. The vapor is then inhaled through the mouthpiece of the rig.

What are the advantages of using a dab rig?

The advantages of using a dab rig include increased potency of the concentrates, the ability to customize the experience, and the long-lasting effect.

What are the downsides of using a dab rig?

The downsides of using a dab rig include the cost, the process of heating the nail or banger can be dangerous and requires a certain level of skill and experience.

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